Born in Cuisaux, France. Moved with his family to Paris when he was 10 years old. In 1888 he briefly studied at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts. Under the influence of Gauguin and Serusier, he and his friends from the Academie Julien, Denis, Bonnard, and Roussel formed the Nabis group in 1892, and he created powerful, flatly decorative works influenced by ukiyo-e. His style then transformed into a more depictive style, and he painted images of his familiar interior and the scenes of Montmartre. These works led Vuillard and Bonnard to become known as the Intimists. He continued to show his works at the Bernheim-Jeune gallery and also entered works in the Salon des Artistes Independants and the Salon d'Automne. He became a member de l'Institut in 1937 and in 1938 he painted the Allegory Of Peace decorative paintings for the United Nations headquarters in Geneva.