|Cultural property name||Sarugaku Ancient Dwelling Sites|
|Commentary||This area was presumed to be a place where ancient people lived. In January 1977, the Shibuya City Board of Education commissioned Kokugakuin University’s Archeology Primary Documents Laboratory to excavate the area. |
When the laboratory excavated it, only fragments of earthenware such as urns, crocks, and stemmed wares emerged from the ground. When the designs found on these earthenware were examined, each design was determined to be in either the Kugahara-, Yayoicho-, or Maenocho-style. Consequently, it was learned that these earthenware were made about 2,000 years ago during the Yayoi period, when the Kugahara, Yayoicho, and Maenocho cultures existed in locations throughout southern Kanto.
During the Yayoi period people lived as they did during the Jomon period, the preceding period. However, the practice of growing and eating rice began, and it can be considered an age when culture further developed.
As the laboratory continued the excavation, it discovered several sites of dwellings. Among those found, one was considered a rare example as it was larger than the sites of dwellings found in other areas.
Under the guidance of Dr. Kiyoyuki Higuchi, the city of Shibuya reconstructed an ancient dwelling at this site in 1978. However, the reconstruction subsequently burned down in a fire, and at present, the dwelling site is under a covering so that it can be preserved.